Treatment for cataracts
A cataract is a common eye disorder that affects more than half of all people over age 60, although cataracts can develop in much younger people. A cataract results when this clear lens becomes clouded, so that less light passes through the lens, much as a dirty window reduces the amount of light entering a room. When the lens becomes clouded, most people experience changes in their vision. Some people think of a cataract as a new growth of skin or tissue over the eye, but it is merely the opacification of the human lens.
A clouded lens cannot be made clear again. There was some interest in drops that reportedly, could possibly reverse a cataract but we have found this to be ineffective. Surgery to remove the clouded lens is the only treatment. Several types of surgery are available. The doctors at Palm Beach Eye Center will discuss which option is best for you.
Once your doctor removes the cataract from your eye, you will need a substitute lens. Several kinds of substitute lenses are available. They include:
- Lenses (called intraocular lenses, or IOLs) that your doctor inserts permanently inside your eye during the surgery after permanent removal of the cataract.
- Lenses that allow you to focus in the distance and near are available at Palm Beach Eye Center. Please ask your surgeon about these lenses. These include lenses like Crystalens®, Restor®, Technis® and others. The doctors are Palm Beach Eye Center are trained to implant virtually all types and kinds of lenses.
- Patients with astigmatism can have this treated with intraocular lenses called Toric Intraocular Lenses®. One of which is called Acrysof IQ Toric IOL®. This toric lens will perform the same duty as your glasses but give you much greater peripheral vision than glasses would. Some studies have shown them to increase reaction time as well.
- Lenses that help improve your distance vision, near, and remove astigmatism are now available like the Trulign® lens.
After cataract surgery
The recovery period after cataract surgery varies from one person to another. In our experience, patients will have minimal discomfort. Typically drops will be used for several weeks after surgery to allow for proper healing.