Optic neuropathy

Optic neuropathy is often called optic atrophy, to describe the loss of some or most of the fibers of the optic nerve. In medicine, “atrophy” usually means “shrunken but capable of regrowth”, so some argue that “optic atrophy” as a pathological term is somewhat misleading, and the term “optic neuropathy” should be used instead.

In short, optic atrophy is the end result of any disease that damages nerve cells anywhere between the retinal ganglion cells and the lateral geniculate body (anterior visual system).