Blepharospasm, not to be confused with blepharitis, is an uncontrolled muscle spasm in the eyelid. According to the National Eye Institute, there is no known cause of blepharospasm, although heredity may be a factor in some instances. The condition arises from an abnormality in the part of the brain that controls muscle function, called the basal ganglion.
Symptoms of Blepharospasm
Many people experience no symptoms before the onset of blepharospasm. Those who do, commonly experience one or more of the following:
- A slow, incremental increase in the rate of blinking;
- Irritation of the eye;
- Increased feelings of fatigue;
- Some emotional tension;
- Light sensitivity;
- Facial spasms
There is no known cure for blepharospasm, but there are treatments available. Injections of botulinum toxin (more commonly know as Botox) reduce the occurrence of blinking through a paralyzing effect on the eyelid. Surgical removal of some of the nerves and muscles in the eyelid can also cause a decrease in spasms. There are some oral medications that provide a less invasive, albeit less effective, treatment.
If you are experiencing symptoms of blepharospasm, please contact a Palm Beach Eye Center location near you. Our experienced doctors are able to treat your condition with the latest techniques and technology.